Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Countries Initiative

With locked in emissions, scientists warn of future impacts on society and nature that could exceed development thresholds of people and countries. The “Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Country Initiative” was set up to support Bangladesh and the Least Developed Countries in their voice to call for action of the international community.



Cover WIM Briefing
Briefing Note

ExCom #2 - Addressing the Climate Risk Gap

Insights for the 2nd Meeting of the Executive Committee

While Paris has been a success in terms of environmental diplomacy and politically acknowledged the risks of climate change especially if global mean temperature exceeds 1.5° C, the current level of domestic targets would result in much higher global warming. This emission gap directly translates into a climate risk gap resulting in loss and damage for people and ecosystems. This is the backdrop against which the Warsaw International Mechanism's performance needs to be compared. >> more
Bild: Resilience Academy 2015

Enhancing Resilience to Minimize Loss and Damage - Providing Knowledge for the UNFCCC

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS to the Third Resilience Academy

United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security, International Center for Climate Change and Development & Munich Re Foundation announce the call for applications to the Third Resilience Academy. >> more
Cover - Executive Summary - Perspectives on non-economic loss and damage:

Perspectives on Non-Economic Loss and Damage: Understanding value at risk from climate change


Loss and damage pertains to those impacts of climate change which cannot be adapted to, and therefore result in net losses. Currently there is no international protocol describing with whom responsibility on this matter lies, or how to address it. >> more
Cover - Addressing Loss and Damage with Microinsurance
Blog Post

Addressing Loss and Damage with Microinsurance

Loss and Damage refers to adverse effects of climate variability and climate change that occur despite global mitigation and local adaptation efforts. >> more
Cover - Loss and Damage: when adaptation is not enough

Loss and Damage: When adaptation is not enough

The negative consequences of climate change are an increasingly prominent discussion point in global climate change negotiations. This topic has recently risen to global attention with the establishment of the “Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts”. >> more
Cover Loss and Damage Roadmap to Relevance for the Warsaw International Mechanism
Briefing Paper

Roadmap to Relevance for the Warsaw International Mechanism

– First Version –

COP 19 in Warsaw decided to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM) under the Cancun Adaptation Framework to address loss and damage in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. As a “milestone along a road of many years of policy discussions”1 decision 2/CP. 19 finally provides the legitimization to explore approaches to address climate induced harm conditioned by limitations of mitigation and adaptation strategies. >> more
Loss and Damage
Guest Blog Post

Warsaw International Mechanism for loss and damage: Moving from polarizing discussions towards addressing the emerging challenges faced by developing countries

January 6, 2014; by Juan P. Hoffmaister, Malia Talakai, Patience Damptey & Adao Soares Barbosa

As analysis of the outcome of the COP19 climate conference begin circulating, the establishment of the Warsaw International Mechanism for loss and damage associated with climate change impacts (the Mechanism) stands out as one of the key outcomes and milestones of the Conference. This article offers our views, as negotiators from developing countries, who have worked on this issue in the past few years. Negotiating on the issue of loss and damage has always been very difficult if not emotional issue for a lot of us negotiators from developing countries. But in light of those difficulties, there is also a community of individual negotiators from both developed and developing countries that work very closely on the issue. >> more



Typhoon Haiyan, which has devastated larger parts of the Philippines in November 2013, gave us an impression of what we can expect in a warmer world. Today, we have come together as leaders in global risk management to issue a collective call to action to proactively address climate threats and build societal resilience. The insurance initiatives represented in this statement have a combined membership that includes more than 100 of the world’s leading insurers across Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and Oceania... >> more
Cover Bangladesh Early Lessons

Early Lessons from the Process to Enhance Understanding of Loss and Damage in Bangladesh

Advanced Version

This document is the result of an almost two-year engagement with the issue of loss and damage in Bangladesh. By providing an assessment of the first comprehensive process to better understand loss and damage at the national-level and presenting key research findings, we hope to inform policy makers in other countries, who might be planning to undertake a similar process. >> more
Loss and Damage
Blog Post

Getting Loss and Damage right in Warsaw

by Sönke Kreft, November 2013

Political momentum is gathering for a decision later this week on institutional arrangements at COP 19 in Warsaw. The momentum was spurred last year at COP18 in Doha where Parties achieved a major break through: a decision (3/CP.18) that defined the UNFCCC as the leadership forum to address climatic loss and damage. The Doha Decision defined initial necessary action, and outlines future areas of work. Now Warsaw must deliver on a major discussion on an institutional arrangement for addressing emerging climate problems where adaptation and mitigation have been insufficient. >> more

Brochure: About the Initiative


The scientific conference “Perspectives on loss and damage: Society, Climate Change, and Decision Making” was hosted by United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) at the UN Campus in Bonn, Germany from 25 to 27 February 2013.
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