Empirical Research

Empirical Research

Case studies in Africa, Asia and Oceania illustrate the effects of climate change beyond adaptation. The case studies look at several climate threats, such as drought, flooding, changing rainfall patterns, cyclones and sea-level rise. The case studies are conducted by the UN University, Institute for Environment and Human Security, in cooperation with local research institutions in Least Developed Countries.
Cover Report 11
Report No. 11

Pushed to the limit: Evidence of climate change-related loss & damage when people face constraints and limits to adaptation

New empirical evidence from nine research sites presented in Volume 1 (Warner et al., 2012b) and Volume 2 (this publication) show that loss and damage occurs when there are barriers that impede planning and implementation of adaptation, and when physical and social limits to adaptation are reached or exceeded. >> more
Cover Global Warming
Case Studies

Loss and damage from climate change: Open Journal Articles

An open access special issue of the International Journal of Global Warming brings together, for the first time, empirical evidence of loss and damage from the perspective of affected people in nine vulnerable countries. The articles in this special issue show how climatic stressors affect communities, what measures households take to prevent loss and damage, and what the consequences are when they are unable to adjust sufficiently. >> more
Cover - Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Communities Study
Case Studies

Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Communities Study

United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) coordinated nine case studies that documented losses and damages that vulnerable communities are already experiencing today. The studies looked at impacts of extreme weather events as well as slow-onset climatic changes. Four of the case studies were conducted in the Asia-Pacific Region. Key findings of these four cases in the Asia Pacific are summarized in the document. >> more
Cover Pushing the Limits
Fact Sheet

Pushing the limits

Pioneering study shows evidence of loss and damage in vulnerable communities

For the first time, these reports offer empirical evidence from the perspective of affected people in nine vulnerable countries. The research reveals how climatic stressors affect communities, what measures households take to prevent loss and damage, and what the consequences are when they are unable to adjust enough. >> more
Cover Report No. 9
Report No. 9

Evidence from the Frontlines of Climate Change: Loss and Damage to Communities Despite Coping and Adaptation

New thinking and practical approaches are needed to address the threats to human security that climate change combined with social vulnerability pose for current and future patterns of loss and damage. >> more
Loss and Damage
Fact Sheet

Pioneering study shows evidence of loss & damage today from the front lines of climate change: Vulnerable communities beyond adaptation?

What is loss and damage? Why is loss and damage important now? What is particular about the report? What countries were surveyed and why? What is the key research question? ... >> more
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Case Study

Bhutan

The costs of adaptation in Punakha, Bhutan: Loss and damage associated with changing monsoon patterns

In Punakha District, late onset of monsoon rains and lower total amounts of monsoon rain decrease the availability of water for paddy rice irrigation. Farmers try to adapt by changing water-sharing arrangements, intensifying irrigation channel maintenance, and by shifting from rice to lower-yielding, rain-fed crops. A small minority can afford to buy gasoline pumps. For 87% of the survey respondents (N=273), the measures are not enough and/or entail extra costs. In addition, some adaptation measures are reported to cause conflicts between households and villages. >> more
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Case Study

Kenya

In December 2011, River Nzoia in Western Kenya broke its dykes and caused havoc in Budalangi Division. >> more
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Case Study

The Gambia

Droughts and changing rainfall patterns in the North Bank Region frequently cause crop failures and food insecurity. >> more
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Case Study

Bangladesh

In Sathkira District, 98% of the survey respondents (N=360) experienced adverse effects of salinity intrusion caused by sea level rise and inundations after cyclones. >> more
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Case Study

Micronesia

On the island of Kosrae, 68% of the surveyed households (N=363) experienced adverse effects of coastal erosion caused by sea level rise and storm surges. >> more
Case Study Pic: Ethiopia
Case Study

Ethiopia: Coping with floods erodes social capital

Increased frequency and severity of flooding in Ethiopia is affecting the livelihoods of small-scale agropastoralists who rely on the land for subsistence. >> more
Case Study Pic: Burkina Faso
Case Study

Burkina Faso: Loss of pastoral livelihood

Extreme droughts in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso are severely disrupting the lives of local people who depend on the land for livestock keeping and crop cultivation. >> more

Case Study Bhutan

Case Study Nepal

Case Study The Gambia

Case Study Bangladesh

Case Study Micronesia

Case Study Ethiopia

Case Study Mozambique

Case Study Burkina Faso