‘Loss and damage’ is an emerging concept in the fields of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction. It results from inadequate efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and insufficient capacity to adapt to climate-related stressors. United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) coordinated nine case studies that documented losses and damages that vulnerable communities are already experiencing today. The studies looked at impacts of extreme weather events as well as slow-onset climatic changes. Four of the case studies were conducted in the Asia-Pacific Region. Key findings of these four cases in the Asia Pacific are summarized in the document.