Decision 1/CP.16 of the Cancun Agreement established a Work Programme to consider approaches to address climate change-related loss and damage and enhance adaptive capacity in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Through this decision, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Subsidiary Body of Implementation (SBI) has been delegated responsibility to agree on activities to be undertaken under the Work Programme.
During the Inter-Sessional negotiations held in Bonn from 6-18 June 2011, the SBI appointed two co-chairs, one from Bangladesh, to progress the negotiation on loss and damage. In these sessions, the SBI reaffirmed the need to strengthen international cooperation and expertise to understand and reduce climate change-related loss and damage, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset events.
Further on the issue, the draft decision -/CP.17, adopted by the 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) and seventh Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP7), Invites Parties, relevant intergovernmental organizations, regional centers and networks, the private sector, civil society and other relevant stakeholders to take into account the three thematic areas when undertaking activities aimed at assisting Parties in enhancing their understanding of, and expertise that will help to address, loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change; The thematic areas are:
Thematic area 1:
Thematic area 2:
Thematic area 3:
Although developing country governments and civil society are calling for financial compensation from rich countries for the damage caused by climate change induced disasters (e.g. tropical cyclones, floods, etc.), the proposals put forward to the UNFCCC are mostly based on risk management and risk transfer. Generally, developed countries argue that national governments in developing states should strengthen DRR within its adaptation framework and the insurance industry should develop proper mechanism for transferring the risk.
In this context, Bangladesh, along with other LDC country parties and the SBI, recognizes that there is a serious lack of information on loss and damage, particularly among the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Responding to concerns expressed by Bangladesh and the LDCs on the absence of a unified negotiating position on loss and damage, CDKN, has financed a project titled ‘Work Programme for Bangladesh on Loss and Damage’. This project aims to develop a shared understanding and workable approach on the thematic areas outlined on loss and damage among the LDCs under the leadership of the Government of Bangladesh.
The purpose of this project is to prepare a knowledge base for developing a ‘Work Programme on Loss and Damage’ and making recommendations to the COP for consideration at its eighteenth session in Doha, Qatar. This is an opportunity for the LDCs to recognize the poorest and most vulnerable households in the Work Programme. Issues such as awareness, transparency and democratic oversight are essential parts of any loss and damage mechanism that genuinely benefits those who are poor.
This project is now being implemented jointly by four international organizations: Germanwatch, The United Nations University (UNU), The Munich Climate Insurance Initiative (MCII), International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD). Two local organizations, the Centre for Participatory Research and Development (CPRD) and BRAC University, are also supporting implementation of local level project activities.